Types of marijuana plants and effects

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As marijuana use for both medical and recreational purposes becomes legal in more and more states, there is a growing interest in the different effects that various types, including indica and sativa, can produce. Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are two species of cannabis. This means that they share many similar features but have specific and distinct differences. Although anecdotal evidence and some marijuana dispensaries claim that indica is more calming and sativa is more energizing, some experts say that such statements are misleading.

Many more factors are involved in creating the recreational and medical effects of marijuana than strain alone. In this article, learn more about the differences between each strain, as well as the effects that indica and sativa can produce.

Botanists use physical differences — such as variations in height, branching patterns, and the shape of the leaves — to identify different strains of plants. Indica plants are shorter than sativa plants, and they have a woody stalk, not a fibrous one. Indica plants also grow more quickly than sativa plants. There is some disagreement regarding what caused these physical differences between strains.

Some researchers say that these differences are due to humans breeding different varieties, while others say that a mixture of evolving adaptations and geographic isolation is responsible.

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Tetrahydrocannabinol THC and cannabidiol CBD are two of the most studied and discussed elements, or cannabinoids, present in different strains of marijuana. However, researchers have identified at least different cannabinoids so far. Knowing whether a cannabis plant is from the indica or sativa strain does not always provide much information about the relative amounts of THC or CBD it may contain, as people tend to believe, but it can be helpful.

It is also important to note that THC and CBD are only two of the hundreds of chemicals that create the varying effects of different strains of marijuana. The sections below provide more information on these two chemicals. Medical experts say that THC has psychoactive properties. Strains of marijuana with a high THC content may be helpful for people with pain, difficulty sleeping, and depression, though they can make some people anxious. However, despite its reputation for inducing calm, CBD can be a stimulant in small and monitored doses.

The general perception is that indica is an effective pain reliever, with a flat and relaxing high. Many medical marijuana strains contain a hybrid form of this strain. That said, it is important to note that little scientific evidence backs these ideas.

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There are far more variations within the indica vs. Cannabis sativa comes from warmer parts of the world, such as Southeast Asia and Central and South America.

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The general perception is that it provides a more energizing and creative high, though it can prompt anxiety in some people. Sativa can also be helpful for people with depression, headaches, nausea, and appetite loss. Again, it is important to note that some scientific research negates these claims.

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Some sativa plants may be energizing while others may not. The same goes for indica strains. People bred hybrids, for example, to make plants that grow more quickly, improve yield, and balance out the energizing and calming effects. Cannabis ruderalis has its origins in cooler parts of the world, such as Russia and the border between Hungary and Ukraine. It grows wild, and some speculate that it may descend from escaped hemp plants. It does not have very high levels of THC or CBD, but breeders value it for its ability to flower by itself, without assistance from a cultivator.

This is why people frequently use ruderalis to create hybrids with sativa or indica. The table below describes some common strains of marijuana, including the amounts of THC they contain. These s come from a study that found no evidence to suggest that indica and sativa are distinctly different. The table shows a huge variation across strains and within specific strains.

Traditionally, determining the answers to the following questions has helped a person find the correct strain of marijuana for them:. However, much more research into the categorization of different strains and their effects is now necessary. In an interview in the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid ResearchDr. Ethan Russo — a psychopharmacology researcher and neurologist — suggests a strong case against what people generally believe about the indica vs.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that sativa is more energizing and indica Types of marijuana plants and effects more relaxing, but the scientific reality is far more complicated. In fact, many different chemical compounds are involved in creating the medical and recreational effects of cannabis. Although there may be some truth to the differences between the two plants, it is important for a person to look at the biochemical content of the individual strains in order to choose the strain most suited to their needs.

Even within the specific strains, research has proven that there is a huge possible variation in THC content, which suggests that the same is true for other cannabinoids. Marijuana has several potential physical and psychological effects on the body, such as lung irritation and increased appetite. Learn more about the…. Many different medications are available to treat chronic pain. One natural alternative treatment option is marijuana, or cannabis, which has a range….

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Asthma is a condition that causes chronic inflammation in the airways. Research about the anti-inflammatory effects of marijuana is ongoing and often….

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ADHD is a behavioral condition that makes concentration difficult. Learn more about medical marijuana as ADHD treatment. Marijuana use can affect different people in different ways, and being 'high' can feel different to different people. Learn about what being high on….

What's the difference between indica and sativa? Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. Physical differences in strains THC and CBD Indica Sativa Hybrids Ruderalis Strains and effects Choosing a strain Summary As marijuana use for both medical and recreational purposes becomes legal in more and more states, there is a growing interest in the different effects that various types, including indica and sativa, can produce.

Physical differences between strains.

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Types of marijuana plants and effects

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Beginner’s Guide to Marijuana Strains